Nowadays, so many people are getting affected by obesity. It has no proper reason and can happen to anyone whoever has their BMI over 30. Normal dieting and exercise cannot cure this disease. Only a bariatric surgery can give the final solution.
There are several types of bariatric surgery that are extremely effective. Laparoscopic surgery is an advanced method of obesity surgeries these days. Here we will have a brief introduction to it.
The operations recognized by most bariatric surgeons include vertical sleeve gastronomy, gastric lap banding, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
The exact procedures vary greatly for each of the procedure. However, the basic concept remains unchanged. The abdomen is first inflated with the help of carbon monoxide gases. The inflated abdomen creates the working space for the operation. About 4 to 5-minute incisions are made int he abdomen. Each of the incision measures about one-fourth of an inch. A camera, cold light source, thin tubes, and other instruments are inserted through the holes.
The camera captures and displays the real-time image of the internal organs along with the movement of the equipment. The camera can be zoomed in and out for better clarity and comfort. The instruments are moved accordingly, as per each individual procedure.
After the completion, the instruments are drawn back from the abdominal cavity. The carbon dioxide is released back to bring the abdomen back to its original state and the operation is concluded by stitching the wounds close.
There are certain advantages of laparoscopic bariatric surgery over the open surgery, that include:
- Reduced post-operative pain
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster return to work
- Improved cosmesis
In only a decade, laparoscopic techniques have revolutionized bariatric surgery, reducing operative time, length of stay, and risk for complications, without hampering long-term benefits. The laparoscopic revolution has also resulted in a vast increase in the number of bariatric procedures performed worldwide. At present, technical improvement of instruments and techniques for further minimizing the abdominal entry is in focus.
So, in case, you are considering a bariatric surgery in future, consider the laparoscopic approach instead.