The Working Principle Of ‘Restriction’ Obesity Surgery Procedure

The statistics of obesity surgery in India are on the rise since past few decades. Since its emergence, many new techniques are making its name in the realm of obesity surgery. However, the restriction procedure remains the most widely performed procedure even till date. Let’s understand its working principle in details along with the procedures that use this principle.

‘Restriction’, as the word itself implies, it refers to the procedures that limit the amount of food we consume. Ideally, the motto of ‘restriction’ towards fast food, since an early age would help prevent obesity in the first place. But needless to say, it is not any convenient answer for the people who are obese already. So often they are advised to undergo obesity procedures that are based on restriction approach.

What is the restriction approach?

The stomach is a pouch-like organ that holds and stores the food while the digestion process occurs simultaneously. The stomach lining has many cells that release hunger hormones. These hormones, as their name clearly indicates releases ‘hunger-inducing’ hormones and motivate the brain to start eating soon. During this procedure, about 70 to 80 percent of the stomach is surgically removed and the remaining small pouch is tied up to act as the reservoir of food in the body. The restriction procedure works in two ways.

Makes Hunger sensation less frequent – When the stomach is reduced by weight, the amount of this hormone released into the bloodstream reduces significantly too. As a result, the person feels the hunger sensation in much less frequency.

Accumulates lesser food quantity The reduced stomach size makes the person eat in much smaller quantity as well. It also encourages them to eat fat-free and high-calorie food which overall promotes significant weight loss.

The utility of this procedure stays effective for years to come. In fact, if the post-surgical guidelines are followed, the patient can enjoy the benefits of weight loss for a lifetime.

Obesity Surgery

What procedures are carried out using this principle?

Almost every obesity procedure comprises a restriction procedure. Often they are performed with conjugation with malabsorption for even more effective results, predominantly for the morbidly obese individual. Lap band procedure and vertical sleeve are a few of the invasive procedures that are purely based on the restriction procedures. There are many other new procedures, such as the gastric balloon, also works on the same principle of weight loss. Apart from these, the procedures such as duodenal switch also utilize this technique along with rerouting the small intestine to lose weight.

At ILS Hospitals we offer restrictive obesity surgery for the patients who fail to lose weight on their own through conventional approaches.