International Diabetes Awareness Day is on 14th of November and it is time to truly be aware of this disease. In recent years it has been seen that the number of patients for diabetes has increased quite intensely especially that of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes have a lot of symptoms, condition, and complications. The symptoms are quite easy to notice. Increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, unintended weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, areas of darkened skin, usually in the armpits and neck are some of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes. There are several complications to diabetes, which means type 2 diabetes can lead to more severe diseases like heart and blood vessel disease, nerve damage or neuropathy, kidney damage, eye damge, hearing impairement, and sleep apnea. It is developed when the body becomes insulin resistant or when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin.
A prime reason for that is an increase in the number of people suffering from obesity, which is also a reason behind many other complications. It is a disease that is highly spreading not only in Kolkata but all over India. So many people are opting for obesity treatment that it is a thought for concern.
But the real worry comes when this obesity leads to something more complicated like diabetes. A lot of people tend to ignore this fact but there is a huge connection between obesity and diabetes. Let’s find out how.
When your BMI falls under the category of obesity, it can lead to the cause of diabetes. Obesity is a major reason of decrease in insulin. Those who carry more weight around their waist are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes than someone who carries more weight in their hips and thighs. Studies suggest that abdominal fat causes the fat cells to release chemicals that are pro-inflammatory. By disrupting the function of insulin-responsive cells and their ability to respond to insulin these chemicals can make the body less sensitive to the insulin it produces. Another theory put forward by studies is how obesity could lead to prediabetes, a metabolic condition that almost always develops into type 2 diabetes.
When a person is more prone to diabetes has excess weight, the cells in the body become less sensitive to the insulin that is released from the pancreas. It has been found out that fat cells are more resistant to insulin than muscle cells. People who are affected by type 2 diabetes and exercise regularly, appear to reduce the severity of insulin-resistance. Due to the exercising regularly the muscles use the extra sugar found in the blood. Therefore, the sugar is no longer diverted to excess fat cells and the body does not secrete insulin.
It is being suggested by doctors in Kolkata that obesity treatment certainly reduces the chance of type 2 diabetes and decreases the disease in itself once you lose weight.