Obesity is not only a problem in itself, but it also brings a lot of complications along with it. People who opt for obesity surgery, do it in the as the surgery helps not only reduce their weight but also helps to manage the other problems. One such complication is a polycystic ovarian syndrome.
What is PCOS?
More than 1 million women in India suffer from this condition every year. PCOS or also known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is a complication that is found in many obese women who are of reproductive age. When a cyst is formed on the outer edges of enlarged ovaries affecting the hormone levels, it is known as PCOS. Women suffering from this condition produce higher amounts of male hormones than the normal level. This causes irregularity in menstrual cycle and infertility. In later stages, it can also cause diabetes.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
There are several symptoms that will help you recognise that you might have PCOS. They are:
- Irregular Menstruation cycles
- InfertilityExcessive hair growth on face, chest and back
- Thinning hair or hair loss in a huge amount
- Oily skin and acne
- Weight gain
Will Obesity Surgery help?
You need to understand that there is no cure for this condition. But you can certainly limit this condition in various ways. Obesity surgery can help a lot in such a case. It will also help in making your menstruation cycle regular and reducing other symptoms.
Who are Eligible?
If you are suffering from PCOS and your BMI is 35 or above you are eligible for obesity surgery. The doctor will see if your eligible for obesity surgery and whether another way of curing your PCOS like medications will help or not.
What type of Obesity Surgery is best for PCOS?
Most commonly, two types of obesity surgery are recommended which are gastric bypass and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.
Losing weight can decrease the insulin and androgen level which, in turn, can reduce the symptoms of PCOS. In a gastric bypass, the GI tract is rearranged in a way so that the food bypasses most part of the stomach and small intestine. In its place, a small pouch is created at the top of the stomach. This pouch is then connected to the lower part of the small intestine. So, this allows a patient to have only small portions of the meal and eventually decreases the weight by 50-60%.
In the case of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, the surgeon changes the shape of the stomach into a slim sleeve and ultimately decreases the volume of the stomach. Not only, you will lose weight, but also the condition of your infertility will improve too.
If you are suffering from PCOS due to severe or morbid obesity, then you can opt for obesity surgery.