Obesity is a chronic disease and is spreading very fast amongst children all over the world including India. Overweight and obesity can lead to life threatening conditions including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, blood pressure, sleep problems, liver disease and many more. This leads to development of stress, sadness and low self-esteem within them. Overweight children also have an increased risk of being overweight as adults. A child is considered to be obese when excess fat gets accumulated within different parts of the body.
The causes of childhood obesity is complex and there are many factors behind it including biological, societal, genetic and behavioural. Let us have a look at the main factors in detail
- A child with an obese parent is more likely to be obese.
- Less physical activity and more food intake. Today, most of the time is being spent in front of television, computer or video games than playing outdoors by children. This should be avoided as physical activity plays a very important role in keeping healthy and fit.
- Bad Eating Habits. Irregular and improper intake of junk and oily food, sweetened or aerated drinks should be avoided as much as they can as they contain fat and fast carbohydrates.
- Physical exercise should be made compulsory. The school authorities should make sports and other physical exercises mandatory for each and every student as it will allow them to be physically active.
- Sound and proper sleep is required. A child will be able to sleep properly if he will indulge time in physical activity. It will make him feel tired and he will get a good sound sleep.
- Home environment is another important factor. If a family follows sedentary life style including high calorie food then then child is likely to be obese.
- Wrong medications. Intake of a wrong medicine relating to a health problem may have adverse effect on the child’s body leading to obesity.
- Stressful events like stress at home, examination pressure, issues with friends or family can lead to this disease.
Considering all the factors above, it is important to manage and implement a better and healthy lifestyle by changing eating habits like planned meals and avoiding junk and fast food, increase in physical activities including walking, limiting snacks leading to a more active lifestyle.
It is the responsibility of all – family or school authorities so that every child’s health is being properly taken care of which will lead to a decrease in the percentage of obese children. Otherwise, the last option is bariatric surgery which is widely known due to a high increase of this chronic disease. The option is yours!