Obesity has become an important issue these days. More and more people getting affected by this problem. Mostly because the irregular lifestyle and eating habits making people its prey. According to medical standards, obesity is defined as having a body mass index of over 30 kg/m2. Obesity can be cured, and laparoscopic obesity surgery has gained popularity in this case.
Lap band gastric surgery involves the placement of an adjustable belt around the upper portion of the stomach using a laparoscope. The band is made of silicone and can be tightened by adding saline to fill the band. The band is connected to a port that is placed under the skin of the abdomen. This port is used to introduce or remove saline from the band.
This ultimately restricts the size of the stomach and the amount of food it can hold. It also slows the passage of food to the intestine. By doing so, signals to the brain from the gut allow for a sensation of fullness with the consumption of less food. This signal is sent from a small pouch created by the band in the upper stomach. When the small pouch fills, the same signal is sent to the brain that occurred previously when the entire stomach fills.
Generally, people who have to go through a lap band gastric surgery, have a body mass index of 40 kg/m2. This procedure can be performed on a person with a BMI of 35-40 kg/m2 if there are problematic medical conditions that are weight-related, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
This procedure is indicated for adults only and guidance from the parents and guardians is required in case, it has to be performed on those less than 18 years old. All patients must demonstrate an understanding of the procedure, and be willing to stick to the lifestyle changes that are needed to make this procedure successful.
Lap band gastric surgery is usually contraindicated if the potential patient has difficulty understanding the procedure, is emotionally unstable or is dependent on drugs or alcohol. Those potential cases with a history of gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers need to be reviewed carefully.
Overall, this procedure is extremely safe and effective for people suffering from obesity.