Obesity is one of the most prevalent health threat these days. Let’s understand more about obesity and several of its aspects, including obesity treatment in India.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a medical condition in which an individual accumulates an excessive amount of adipose tissue. It is a condition wherein the body weight of an individual increase drastically and reaches to a limit that it begins to adversely affect the body, not only in terms of physical discomfort but also as a niche to attract several other diseases.
It’s Prevalence Across the World
Until several decades ago, obesity was considered as a disease only rich, elite people can afford to have. This idea has no place in today’s reality. Obesity is engulfing India and other countries at an alarming rate. Approximately, 13 percent of the global population is dealing with obesity every single day and the counting is on the rise. In India itself, 1 in every 5 Indians is either overweight or obese.
In fact, the overall global obesity statistics have almost doubled only in the last four decades and is increasing, even more, every year. In many of the countries, the number of people suffering from obesity is exceeding than that of people dealing with malnutrition and starvation.
The special case of childhood obesity – Obesity is not only common among young adults; several children are also falling into the trap of obesity. Children as young as 5 years or below are also a target of juvenile obesity. Around 42 million children under the age of five are either obese or overweight.
What is the Major Cause of Obesity?
Obesity mainly comprises due to 2 reasons – excessive intake of high-calorie food and lack of adequate physical activities. People who take highly processed calorie-rich food over a prolonged period of time, along with being involved in little to no exercise are more prone to becoming obese. Moreover, for some individuals, hormones act as a crucial factor for weight gain.
How Obesity can be Prevented?
If a healthier lifestyle in terms of diet and exercise is practiced from an early age, the risks of obesity can be minimized significantly. In case one begins to gain extra body weight persistently, a diet plan prescribed by an expert nutritionist and regular exercise can help them get back to normal body weight.
What are Obesity-Related Health Risks?
Having excess weight brings a chain of other diseases. Obesity makes the individual susceptible to one or more of the following medical conditions-
- Diabetes Type 2,
- Cancer in organs like Breast, Colon, Kidney & others
- Coronary Heart Disorders
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Diseases of Liver and Gallbladder
- Stroke and Asthma
- Respiratory conditions
- Infertility in both men and women
- Poor relationships
- Gynecological Problems like PCOD
- Miscarriages and Birth Defects
- Difficult Labor and Preterm Labor
Fat shaming or Discrimination by friends and family often makes the individual suffer from low self-esteem; as the result of which the person eventually begins to avoid social gatherings. Generally, it affects the quality of life drastically and reduces the overall lifespan.
Almost every obese suffers from at least one of the aforementioned conditions, while many of the others deal with multiple disorders.
What is the Scope of Obesity Treatment?
Prevention is the best cure and it applies to obesity as well. In fact, by consuming a balanced diet along with doing adequate physical exercise, one can mitigate obesity from their life. In fact, in the case of a mild increase in weight, making few adjustments in diet and lifestyle and sincerely following it can correct the situation to a large extent.
However, once an individual gets laden with excess pounds, it is not that simple anymore.
Thus, in the case of obese patients, the most effective obesity treatment that can correct the situation is bariatric surgery, which removes excess weight from the body, along with several obesity-related diseases. It is a medically proven, safe and effective obesity treatment to resolve obesity effectively.