Why Do People Become Obese?

Obesity is becoming a global epidemic, especially since the past couple of decades. To cope with this medical threat, numbers of weight loss treatment are made available by many healthcare providers. That raises a very crucial question, ‘what is the cause of obesity?’. The answer is not something that can be explained in a few words. Obesity is a result of many physical, habitual and lifestyle factors.

Sometimes, obesity can be controlled or even prevented. But for many people, these factors are beyond anyone’s control and people end up becoming obese nevertheless. So, let’s elaborate on the causes and factors leading to obesity.

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Few Causes of Obesity

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1. Consuming too much calories

This is the most common reason for gaining excessive weight and eventually becoming obese. Eating food items containing high calories are likely to lead towards fat deposition in the body. These include food that is highly processed or have high sugar content. Following a western diet has often been found to contribute towards obesity, a lot more than traditional, Indian food. Usually, it does the maximum damage when the person stays indulged with consuming them over a prolonged period of time.

2. Leading a sedentary lifestyle

Lack of adequate, physical exercise or activity is yet another big cause of obesity. This is a big factor to cause an imbalance of calorie intake and calorie burned. Spending too many hours indoor, sitting on desks for a prolonged period either for academics or employment consumes a large portion of time and results in a sedentary lifestyle. Moreover having modern entertainment mediums such as TV, mobile phones, PC along with automatic machinery like washing machine, dishwasher, mixer grinder have reduced human efforts significantly. All these factors eventually lead to fat build up in the long run.

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3. Not sleeping enough

Getting adequate sleep has many benefits and similarly not getting adequate sleep has many adverse effects and weight gain is one of them. Many time those people tends to gain weight, who either sleep for fewer hours than required or suffer from sleep interruption and stay sleep deprived. Lack of sleep leads to the secretion of a hormone called ghrelin, which stimulates hunger. It is not uncommon to find people craving for a midnight snack while staying awake late at nights. If this condition is left untreated, it can also cause obesity in the long run.

4. Lower rates of smoking/quit smoking

Many pieces of research confirm that after quitting smoking or reducing their frequency, people tend to consume more food. The reason being, smoking actually suppresses appetite and in its absence, people crave for food more than before. But, keeping up smoking or doing it in the hope of losing weight is not recommended at all. Smoking leads to many severe health hazards.

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5. Medications that make patients put on weight

It has been found that certain medications lead to weight gain as a side effect. If it’s possible, they should switch to some alternative medicines to avoid putting on extra weight.

6. Heredity and Hormone factor

Many a times, it is unavoidable to gain excess weight when an individual suffers from some hormone imbalance. Moreover, having obesity is a family trait, so the person is born overweight.

Heredity and Hormone factor

Apart from these, there are other factors as well that can lead to obesity.

Is Obesity Self-Prepetuating?

Yes, obesity is self-perpetuating which means the longer an individual will be obese or even overweight, the more difficult it will be for them to lose weight. Thus it is recommended to address weight gain as soon as possible. But often many people fail to do so either due to lack of determination or due to the fact that excessive weight brings many complications, which makes many weight loss attempts difficult and ineffective. For them, it is wiser to go for more effective weight loss treatment such as bariatric surgery.

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